The Bulldog family of dogs includes English Bulldogs, French Bulldogs, and American Bulldogs. Renowned for its wrinkled face and muscular physique, this breed is easily recognized by its drooping lips and pointed teeth that jut out from the under bite. Mature males usually weigh in the region of fifty-five pounds while females weigh in at slightly less. Colors of this breed can vary and in include shades of tan, brindle, white, and piebald. With their tough and muscular appearance, today’s bulldogs are not noted as particularly aggressive dogs.
Bulldogs were first mentioned historically around the year 1500. Historians believe the breed originated in the British Isles and its ancestor was likely an Asiatic Mastiff. Used for bull baiting, the breed was quickly recognized for its companionable traits and it quickly became a family dog, becoming quite popular with people. In fact, Bulldogs can also be viewed in various works of period art. Today, Bulldogs are still prized for their strength, but they are not bred as fighters. This breed is prized for its pleasant and dignified nature. Bulldogs make excellent family pets and often form close bonds with children of the household.
Bulldogs do not boast longevity. They typically begin to show signs of old age by five or six years. This is unfortunate as most of these dogs will not reach maturity until nearly three years of age. The end of their life span is ten years, but many survive only eight years. This breed is prone to hip problems and respiratory issues. Adequate daily exercise is important for Bulldogs and will help them maintain their appropriate weight. Without exercise, these dogs tend to lounge around and are likely to gain weight, a circumstance that could be hard on the dogs’ joints.
Although bulldogs are bred with other dog breeds to create new breeds like Pit Bulls, the Bulldog is tapped for its strength and muscularity. It is not bred for any aggressive tendencies. In fact, the Bulldog is as calm and collected as it is brawny. The breed can be stubborn and boasts a determined streak. Even so, Bulldogs enjoy a good deal of rest and napping, especially after a bout of play.
While most Bulldogs will get along well with other dogs, early socialization is important as some Bulldogs can become dominant. Early obedience training also complements this dog’s nature. Trainable and intelligent, Bulldogs respect strong leadership in their owners. They also enjoy human attention and do not care to go without human interaction for long bouts.